Assessing the Urine Dry Diversion toilet

“The Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) is a very good tool, when applied it will enable us to answer lots of questions and avoid duplication of technologies to better understand the context before introducing any technology” Buguma Patrick Team leader Technical support unit 2 of Ministry of Water and Environment .

“TAF is a good tool, we have constructed the UDDTs and things were going wrong. The politians had started disagreeing with us.  TAF has enabled us to identify the actual problems and we need to do something about.”  Water Officer Agago.

“The tool is very usually for us and it will help to identify the problems and reduce on the current pressure on land. ACAO Agoga district

Such were the comments of participants of the second round of testing TAF on the UDDT. This article describes the TAF process on the UDDT in Northern Uganda in Pader and Agago districts.

TAF process on the UDDT:

Participants of the TAF testing in Northern region screening the UDDT for need and Applicability

The participants screened the UDDT to assess whether it satisfies a sanitation need in the region. In addition the screening also looked at how applicable the UDDT is in the context of Pader and Agago districts. Based on the decision from the screening session, the team set out for a full assessment of the technology in the two districts


The research team conducted various focus group discussions with the

The TAF research team conducting the FDG with users of the UDDT at Potongo Market in Agago District, Potongo Town council

users of the UDDT. The team visited institutional UDDTS at hospitals, schools, markets and sub-county headquarters offices. A total of 8 sites were chosen for study.


A picture of the UDDT scores from the Scoring workshop. The score show the performance of the UDDT across the 3 sustainability indicators against 3 perspectives. The color codes. Green indicates a positive circumstances, Yellow representatives a neutral position and the red color indicates negative position.

Finally a scoring workshop was held at the Pader District offices, the workshop was attended by the Chief Administered officers from Pader and Agago Districts. Representatives from the district administration including Water officer, District Health inspectors, and District community development officers. The workshop participants scored the UDDT on 18 indicators against three perspectives of user, regulator and Producer and six sustainability dimensions of financial, Social, Environmental, Legal /institutional, Knowledge/skills and the technology aspects.

Emerging issues:

The introduction of UDDT in Pader and Agago did not emphasize the Operation and Maintenance which has led to miss-use and abandonment of the facilities.  3 out 7 sites visited were maintained very well. The facilities constructed by NGOS were better maintained compared to the ones by the districts. The Technology was suitable for the schools due to limited space to punch more pit latrines.  All the facilities were not gender sensitive as the female and male used the same stances. Although all the facilities had a ramp for the disabled, the non-able to squat were not catered for.

Second round of TAF Testing: The WASHTech Team has finalized the testing of the UDDT in Northern region where the use and uptake of the UDDT has stagnated, other sites were in Kabale district the UDDT home, the technology was first introduced there and it is believed to be successful. This took place between 16th and 21st July 2012. The testing follows a successful first round that looked at Rope Pump technology. The second round will focus on two technologies the Urine dry diversion toilet and the solar pump.

This entry was posted in IRC, NETWAS Uganda, On-site sanitation, Sanitation, Uganda, urine diverting dry toilets, WaterAid Uganda. Bookmark the permalink.

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